Sunday, February 24, 2019

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

What is the issue or problem you want to address in your country?
Globally crops suffer losses caused by various pests having a negative impact on food security of farmers, communities and particularly fast expanding urban areas. In addition to food security there is an increased demand for food safety and food of better quality by the growing populations and international trade. The widespread dependence on chemical pesticides results in high economic and environmental costs. Increased environmental and public health awareness and the need to implement sustainable agricultural production systems tend to discourage the injudicious use of pesticides. Over the last decades, consumers have shown a growing concern about the safety and quality of their food, where the main share of the consumption takes place. Both government regulators and private food retailing companies developed grades and standards for the production of food in order to meet requirements for food safety and quality. These grades and standards seem to create two interrelated problems. 
How will this course enable you to address this issue?
Appropriate implementation of Good Agricultural Practices and IPM for food safety and international market access requires a conducive environment of supportive and enabling policies and institutions. This can be achieved through multi-stakeholder processes (MSP) with the aim to enable IPM and/or pesticide-related policies and supportive institutional innovations, IPM aims to minimise the use of chemical pesticides and to ensure an integration of various control measures in an informed manner without harmful effects on the environment and occupational and public health. Researchers working with a wide range of crops around the world have proved the technical feasibility of IPM and significant successes have been achieved with specific pest problems. Generally IPM programmes combine several tactics into a multiple pest management strategy. Because of its complexity, however, IPM proved to be more difficult to apply on farms than simple chemical control techniques.
How will you address this issue with your position within your organisation?
The training is job-oriented and experience-based, therefore it is highly interactive: it provides participants with the opportunity to learn from a wealth of international experience available among themselves and the course facilitators. The topics will be addressed through supervisor, exercises, field visits, case studies and personal and/or group assignments. Excursions and field work enable comparison of own experiences with practices in the Netherlands, whereas group assignments facilitate exchange of knowledge and experiences between participants. The training programme Integrated Pest Management and food safety is composed of two components, being Pesticides and food safety in IPM, and IPM policy and institutional innovations.